The Smiltene district was established on July 1, 2009, after the administrative territorial reform in the Republic of Latvia. The district amalgamated the town Smiltene and 8 surrounding rural parishes (Smiltene, Blome, Branti, Bilska, Launkalne, Variņi, Palsmane and Grundzāle).
The total area of the Smiltene district is 946.1 km2. The population – 14531 (on February 1, 2010), the density of population – 15. 3 inhabitants/km2.
The Smiltene district has a very favorable geographical location; it is situated in the north-east part of Latvia, 132 km from Riga, the capital of Latvia, and 40 km from the border with Estonia; it borders on the districts of Strenči, Valka, Ape, Gulbene, Rauna and Beverīna. The Smiltene district is crossed by the following main motorways: the highway (A2) Riga – Veclaicene – St. Petersburg (Russia) and the motorways of the 1st category Valmiera – Smiltene, Smiltene – Valka, Smiltene - Gulbene, Smiltene - Strenči; thanks to the road network, other populated areas can be easily reached as well.
Although the Smiltene district is not rich in waters and they cover only 1% of the total territory, such rivers as the Abuls, the Palsa, the Nigra, the Rauza, the Vija and the lakes of Lizdole, Niedrājs, Spicieris are the largest water bodies in the territory.
The largest part of territory is covered by forest land – 49.4%. The largest owners of this land are the parishes of Launkalne, Variņi and Palsmane; the agricultural land covers 38.6% of the total territory of the district and the parishes of Smiltene and Blome have most part of the agricultural land.
Forest and agricultural resources determine that the main branches in the district are forestry and wood processing, agriculture (dairy and meat farming, pig farming, horse farming, grain and grassland seed farming, vegetable gardening and growing other cultivated plants). A number of farms specialized in goat farming, apiculture, poultry farming, fisheries, etc. Inhabitants who live in the town are mostly employed in road building, food production, commerce, furniture production, sewing, and providing different services.
In the district, a great attention is paid on providing social help, as well as education and recreation.
Education of all levels is available – starting with the pre-school education up to the higher education. There is also an art school, a music school, a sports school, an interest education centre for children and youngsters, a youth council.
The traditions of amateur art, culture and sports are developed in the whole territoryof the district; inhabitants of different ages have possibilities to spend their free time. A number of local and international events are held in the district, and they attract guests from Latvia and foreign countries.
The district is developing. Different institutions and organizations are involved in a number of projects. New contacts with other countries are established to share experience and to develop co-operation.
The Smiltene district Council has successfully established co-operation and friendship in different fields with the following municipalities from the foreign countries: Wiesenbach and Willich (Germany), Pincara (Italy), Pustomiti (the Ukraine), Pisek (the Czech Republic), Nakskov (Denmark), Steinkjaer (Norway), Ornskoldsvik, Kalix and Karlstad (Sweden), Donnery (France), La Laguna (Spain), Caerphilly (Great Britain).
Pēdējās izmaiņas: 22.03.2019 16:04:08
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